Pregnancy is not associated with the progression of HIV disease in women attending an HIV outpatient program

Ruth Bessinger, Rebecca Clark, Patricia Kissinger, Janet Rice, Steven Coughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether pregnancy is associated with an acceleration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression in women who have a pregnancy while HIV infected. A retrospective review of all woman aged 15-35 years who attended an HIV outpatient program from January 1989 through August 1995, was undertaken. The 192 women who had a term pregnancy after testing positive for HIV were compared with 164 women who were not pregnant during the same period. The main outcome measures were death, the occurrence of a first acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)- defining condition, or a condition indicative of symptomatic HIV. Disease progression was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate proportional hazards models. Compared with nonpregnant women, women with a term pregnancy were significantly more likely to be African-American (88% vs. 78%, p < 0.05), younger than 22 years of age (51% vs. 11%, p < 0.001), and to have entered the clinic with a higher median CD4 count (519 vs. 433 cells/μl, p < 0.001). After adjusting for entry CD4 count and other factors, pregnancy was not associated with progression to any of the study outcomes. Thus, in women attending a publicly funded clinic, pregnancy does not appear to accelerate the progression of HIV disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-440
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume147
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Blacks
  • Disease progression
  • HIV
  • Pregnancy
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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