Prehospital Mechanical Ventilation: An NAEMSP Position Statement and Resource Document

Amado Alejandro Baez, Zaffer Qasim, Susan Wilcox, William B. Weir, Patrick Loeffler, Bradley Michael Golden, Daniel Schwartz, Michael Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Airway emergencies and respiratory failure frequently occur in the prehospital setting. Patients undergoing advanced airway management customarily receive manual ventilations. However, manual ventilation is associated with hypo- and hyperventilation, variable tidal volumes, and barotrauma, among other potential complications. Portable mechanical ventilators offer an important strategy for optimizing ventilation and mitigating ventilatory complications. EMS clinicians, including those performing emergency response as well as interfacility transports, should consider using mechanical ventilation after advanced airway insertion. Prehospital mechanical ventilation techniques, strategies, and parameters should be disease-specific and should mirror in-hospital best practices. EMS clinicians must receive training in the general principles of mechanical ventilation as well as detailed training in the operation of the specific system(s) used by the EMS agency. Patients undergoing mechanical ventilation must receive appropriate sedation and analgesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalPrehospital Emergency Care
Volume26
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • critical care transport
  • mechanical ventilation
  • prehospital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency

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