Introduction: The association between asthma and sinusitis has long been recognized. Numerous studies point to a complex, yet undeniable relationship between asthma and chronic sinusitis and rhinitis. There have also been extensive attempts to characterize the inflammatory mechanisms of both disorders. Increasingly, the cysteinyl leukotrienes, a potent group of inflammatory mediators, have gained attention as important contributors to the manifestation of both disorders. Leukotriene production has been shown to be upregulated in the bronchial tissue of asthmatics. Our study sought to determine if leukotriene production was increased in the sinus mucosa of asthmatics with chronic sinusitis. Study Design: Prospective study. Methods: Nasal polyp tissue was evaluated from 27 consecutive patients undergoing elective polypectomy. The presence of asthma was determined by patient history, their medical record, and use of asthma medication. Sinus tissue was extracted during the course of endoscopic surgery. Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLT) were quantified by a sensitive competitive enzyme immunoassay, and the levels of CysLT were compared in the group with and without asthma. Results: Cysteinyl leukotrienes were detected in 23 of 27 patients. The average level of LTC4 in non-asthmatic patients was 25.6 picograms (pg)/g. The average amount of LTC4 in asthmatic patients with sinusitis was 19.2 pg/g. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P = .64). Conclusions: The presence of asthma does not correlate with increased levels of leukotrienes in the sinus mucosa of patients with chronic sinusitis.
- Chronic sinusitis
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