Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major complication of atherosclerosis. PAD can be diagnosed with low-cost diagnostic techniques and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While the major epidemiologic risk factors for PAD have been established in the western world, data from resource-poor countries are limited. We performed a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and correlates of PAD among patients with diabetes at Mbarara Referral Hospital in southwestern Uganda.Methods: We consecutively enrolled diabetes patients aged 50 years or greater presenting to the outpatient clinic. We collected blood for fasting lipid profile, HIV serology, and glycosylated hemoglobin, measured blood pressure and ankle brachial index, and administered the Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire (ECQ). We also surveyed patients for other PAD risk factors. We used logistic regression to determine correlates of PAD.Results: We enrolled 229 diabetes patients. The median age of 60 years (IQR 55-66), and 146 (63.7%) were female. Fifty five patients (24%) had PAD (ABI of ≤ 0.9). Of these, 48 /55 (87.27%) had mild PAD (ABI 0.71-0.9) while 7/55 (12.73%) had moderate to severe PAD (ABI < 0.7). Amongst those with PAD, 24/55 (43.64%) reported claudication by the ECQ. Correlates of PAD included female sex (AOR 2.25, 95% CI 1.06 - 4.77, p = 0.034), current high blood pressure (AOR 2.59, 95% CI 1.25-5.33, p = 0.01), and being on a sulfonylurea-glibenclamide (AOR 3.47, 95% CI 1.55 - 7.76, p = 0.002).Conclusion: PAD was common in diabetic patients in southwestern Uganda. Given its low cost and ease of measurement, ABI deserves further assessment as a screening tool for both PAD and long term cardiovascular risk amongst diabetics in this region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine