Prevalence of positive Osler's manoeuver in 3387 persons screened for the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of a positive Osler's manoeuver (OM) among persons screened for the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). Information obtained from all individuals included age, gender and race; history of antihypertensive, anticoagulant, insulin, or cardiac pacemaker use; and history of heart attack, coronary bypass surgery, or stroke. Among the persons aged 60 and over that were screened for eligibility at the Louisville SHEP Center, OM was performed on 3387 subjects. Of these, 7.2% (243 of 3387) were determined to be Osler maneuver positive (O+). O+ was more prevalent among males than among females (P = 0.025). A higher prevalence of O+ was associated with both higher age (P < 0.001). There were significantly Osler positives among those who responded positively to 'Have you had a stroke?' (P = 0.007) and 'Are you taking anticoagulants' (P = 0.044) than among those who responded negatively to these equations. O+ was also less prevalent among those that were normotensive at the time of the screening (P = 0.046). The results of this study, when taken with those of previous studies of OM, support the cautious use of OM as a screening tool for pseudohypertension in the elderly population and as an adjunct in determining the cardiovascular risk profile of individual patients. However, further study of OM is required before it can be recommended for routine use in the assessment of hypertension among the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-289
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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Hypertension
Anticoagulants
Stroke
Antihypertensive Agents
Myocardial Infarction
Insulin
Population

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Osler's manoeuver
  • Prevalence
  • Pseudohypertension
  • Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence of positive Osler's manoeuver in 3387 persons screened for the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of a positive Osler's manoeuver (OM) among persons screened for the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). Information obtained from all individuals included age, gender and race; history of antihypertensive, anticoagulant, insulin, or cardiac pacemaker use; and history of heart attack, coronary bypass surgery, or stroke. Among the persons aged 60 and over that were screened for eligibility at the Louisville SHEP Center, OM was performed on 3387 subjects. Of these, 7.2{\%} (243 of 3387) were determined to be Osler maneuver positive (O+). O+ was more prevalent among males than among females (P = 0.025). A higher prevalence of O+ was associated with both higher age (P < 0.001). There were significantly Osler positives among those who responded positively to 'Have you had a stroke?' (P = 0.007) and 'Are you taking anticoagulants' (P = 0.044) than among those who responded negatively to these equations. O+ was also less prevalent among those that were normotensive at the time of the screening (P = 0.046). The results of this study, when taken with those of previous studies of OM, support the cautious use of OM as a screening tool for pseudohypertension in the elderly population and as an adjunct in determining the cardiovascular risk profile of individual patients. However, further study of OM is required before it can be recommended for routine use in the assessment of hypertension among the elderly.",
keywords = "Cardiovascular risk, Osler's manoeuver, Prevalence, Pseudohypertension, Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)",
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AU - Wright, J. C.

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N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of a positive Osler's manoeuver (OM) among persons screened for the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). Information obtained from all individuals included age, gender and race; history of antihypertensive, anticoagulant, insulin, or cardiac pacemaker use; and history of heart attack, coronary bypass surgery, or stroke. Among the persons aged 60 and over that were screened for eligibility at the Louisville SHEP Center, OM was performed on 3387 subjects. Of these, 7.2% (243 of 3387) were determined to be Osler maneuver positive (O+). O+ was more prevalent among males than among females (P = 0.025). A higher prevalence of O+ was associated with both higher age (P < 0.001). There were significantly Osler positives among those who responded positively to 'Have you had a stroke?' (P = 0.007) and 'Are you taking anticoagulants' (P = 0.044) than among those who responded negatively to these equations. O+ was also less prevalent among those that were normotensive at the time of the screening (P = 0.046). The results of this study, when taken with those of previous studies of OM, support the cautious use of OM as a screening tool for pseudohypertension in the elderly population and as an adjunct in determining the cardiovascular risk profile of individual patients. However, further study of OM is required before it can be recommended for routine use in the assessment of hypertension among the elderly.

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