Prevalence of PTSD in a community sample of older adolescents

Steven P. Cuffe, Cheryl L. Addy, Carol Z. Garrison, Jennifer L Waller, Kirby L. Jackson, Robert E. McKeown, Shailaja Chilappagari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine prevalence and correlates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnosis in older adolescents aged 16 through 22 years. Method: The second cycle of a longitudinal epidemiological study in the Southeast included a semistructured interview assessing PTSD symptomatology administered to 490 adolescents. Results: Approximately 3% of female subjects and 1% of male subjects satisfied the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD. Females reported more traumatic events than males, and black subjects reported more events than white subjects. Being female (odds ratio = 12.32), experiencing rape or child sexual abuse (odds ratio = 49.37), and witnessing an accident or medical emergency (odds ratio = 85.02) were associated with increased risk of PTSD. Conclusions: While relatively few adolescents satisfy the criteria for PTSD, most subjects who experienced a traumatic event reported some PTSD symptoms. Specific types of traumatic events were associated with occurrence of PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Odds Ratio
Sexual Child Abuse
Rape
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Accidents
Longitudinal Studies
Epidemiologic Studies
Emergencies
Interviews
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Traumatic events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Prevalence of PTSD in a community sample of older adolescents. / Cuffe, Steven P.; Addy, Cheryl L.; Garrison, Carol Z.; Waller, Jennifer L; Jackson, Kirby L.; McKeown, Robert E.; Chilappagari, Shailaja.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 37, No. 2, 01.01.1998, p. 147-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cuffe, Steven P. ; Addy, Cheryl L. ; Garrison, Carol Z. ; Waller, Jennifer L ; Jackson, Kirby L. ; McKeown, Robert E. ; Chilappagari, Shailaja. / Prevalence of PTSD in a community sample of older adolescents. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1998 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 147-154.
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