Primary neurocytoma of the spinal cord: A case report and review of literature

Suash Sharma, Chitra Sarkar, Shailesh Gaikwad, Ashish Suri, Mehar C. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most central neurocytomas (CN) and spinal neurocytomas (SN) have a bland well-differentiated histologic picture and uneventful clinical course. However, rare examples showing histologic atypia, recurrence and even CSF dissemination have been reported. Herein we report a case of recurrent spinal neurocytoma in a 24-year-old male who presented with a 2-month history of weakness and numbness of the left upper and lower limbs, and was previously operated at the same site 10 months ago. MRI revealed a contrast enhancing intramedullary mass involving C5-T1 region. Radiologic and operative impression at both surgeries was that of a glioma, possibly anaplastic. Histologic and immunohistochemical features in both resections were those of an atypical neurocytoma. The tumor showed rare mitoses, focal mild vascular proliferation in both specimens, and necrosis in the initial specimen. MIB1 labeling indices were 9 and 10%, respectively. Based on the analysis of this case and limited data from the literature, it is hypothesized that SN shows a histopathologic picture, immunoprofile and biologic behavior very similar to CN. However, the presence of histologic atypia and increased MIB1 index in SN appear to more closely correlate with tumor recurrence and a worse overall outcome, in part due to their location in the critical region of cervical spinal cord. Therefore, we hypothesize that SN with atypia requires a close clinical follow up. As in CN, radiation therapy is perhaps best reserved for atypical, progressive and recurrent SN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Central nervous system
  • Neurocytoma
  • Neuronal tumors
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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