Prior Antithrombotic Use is Associated with Favorable Mortality and Functional Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Phyo K. Myint, Anne S. Hellkamp, Gregg C. Fonarow, Matthew J. Reeves, Lee H. Schwamm, Phillip J. Schulte, Ying Xian, Robert E Suter, Deepak L. Bhatt, Jeffrey L. Saver, Eric D. Peterson, Eric E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Antithrombotics are the mainstay of treatment in primary and secondary prevention of stroke, and their use before an acute event may be associated with better outcomes. Methods - Using data from Get With The Guidelines-Stroke with over half a million acute ischemic strokes recorded between October 2011 and March 2014 (n=540 993) from 1661 hospitals across the United States, we examined the unadjusted and adjusted associations between previous antithrombotic use and clinical outcomes. Results - There were 250 104 (46%) stroke patients not receiving any antithrombotic before stroke; of whom approximately one third had a documented previous vascular indication. After controlling for clinical and hospital factors, patients who were receiving antithrombotics before stroke had better outcomes than those who did not, regardless of whether a previous vascular indication was present or not: adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) were 0.82 (0.80-0.84) for in-hospital mortality, 1.18 (1.16-1.19) for home as the discharge destination, 1.15 (1.13-1.16) for independent ambulatory status at discharge, and 1.15 (1.12-1.17) for discharge modified Rankin Scale score of 0 or 1. Conclusions - Previous antithrombotic therapy was independently associated with improved clinical outcomes after acute ischemic stroke. Ensuring the use of antithrombotics in appropriate patient populations may be associated with benefits beyond stroke prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2066-2074
Number of pages9
JournalStroke
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Stroke
Mortality
Blood Vessels
Primary Prevention
Secondary Prevention
Hospital Mortality
Odds Ratio
Guidelines
Confidence Intervals
Therapeutics
Population

Keywords

  • antiplatelet agents
  • antithrombotic agents
  • mortality
  • prognosis
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Myint, P. K., Hellkamp, A. S., Fonarow, G. C., Reeves, M. J., Schwamm, L. H., Schulte, P. J., ... Smith, E. E. (2016). Prior Antithrombotic Use is Associated with Favorable Mortality and Functional Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 47(8), 2066-2074. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.012414

Prior Antithrombotic Use is Associated with Favorable Mortality and Functional Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke. / Myint, Phyo K.; Hellkamp, Anne S.; Fonarow, Gregg C.; Reeves, Matthew J.; Schwamm, Lee H.; Schulte, Phillip J.; Xian, Ying; Suter, Robert E; Bhatt, Deepak L.; Saver, Jeffrey L.; Peterson, Eric D.; Smith, Eric E.

In: Stroke, Vol. 47, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 2066-2074.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Myint, PK, Hellkamp, AS, Fonarow, GC, Reeves, MJ, Schwamm, LH, Schulte, PJ, Xian, Y, Suter, RE, Bhatt, DL, Saver, JL, Peterson, ED & Smith, EE 2016, 'Prior Antithrombotic Use is Associated with Favorable Mortality and Functional Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke', Stroke, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 2066-2074. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.012414
Myint PK, Hellkamp AS, Fonarow GC, Reeves MJ, Schwamm LH, Schulte PJ et al. Prior Antithrombotic Use is Associated with Favorable Mortality and Functional Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke. 2016 Aug 1;47(8):2066-2074. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.012414
Myint, Phyo K. ; Hellkamp, Anne S. ; Fonarow, Gregg C. ; Reeves, Matthew J. ; Schwamm, Lee H. ; Schulte, Phillip J. ; Xian, Ying ; Suter, Robert E ; Bhatt, Deepak L. ; Saver, Jeffrey L. ; Peterson, Eric D. ; Smith, Eric E. / Prior Antithrombotic Use is Associated with Favorable Mortality and Functional Outcomes in Acute Ischemic Stroke. In: Stroke. 2016 ; Vol. 47, No. 8. pp. 2066-2074.
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AB - Background and Purpose - Antithrombotics are the mainstay of treatment in primary and secondary prevention of stroke, and their use before an acute event may be associated with better outcomes. Methods - Using data from Get With The Guidelines-Stroke with over half a million acute ischemic strokes recorded between October 2011 and March 2014 (n=540 993) from 1661 hospitals across the United States, we examined the unadjusted and adjusted associations between previous antithrombotic use and clinical outcomes. Results - There were 250 104 (46%) stroke patients not receiving any antithrombotic before stroke; of whom approximately one third had a documented previous vascular indication. After controlling for clinical and hospital factors, patients who were receiving antithrombotics before stroke had better outcomes than those who did not, regardless of whether a previous vascular indication was present or not: adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) were 0.82 (0.80-0.84) for in-hospital mortality, 1.18 (1.16-1.19) for home as the discharge destination, 1.15 (1.13-1.16) for independent ambulatory status at discharge, and 1.15 (1.12-1.17) for discharge modified Rankin Scale score of 0 or 1. Conclusions - Previous antithrombotic therapy was independently associated with improved clinical outcomes after acute ischemic stroke. Ensuring the use of antithrombotics in appropriate patient populations may be associated with benefits beyond stroke prevention.

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