Prognostic significance of 11q23 aberrations in adult acute myeloid leukemia and the role of allogeneic stem cell transplantation

Y. Chen, H. Kantarjian, S. Pierce, S. Faderl, S. O'Brien, W. Qiao, L. Abruzzo, M. De Lima, P. Kebriaei, E. Jabbour, N. Daver, T. Kadia, Z. Estrov, G. Garcia-Manero, J. Cortes, F. Ravandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The clinical features and outcomes of 148 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 11q23 chromosomal abnormalities were compared with those of 2640 patients with non-11q23 AML. Patients with t(9;11)), t(6;11) or other 11q23 balanced translocations (t(11;v)(q23;v)) presented at a younger age and with higher percentage of bone marrow blasts. Unbalanced 11q23 abnormalities were commonly associated with deletions of chromosomes 5q, 7q and/or complex karyotypes. In multivariate analysis, when compared with patients with non-11q23 AML and unfavorable-risk karyotype, there was a significant difference in overall survival (OS) for patients with t(9;11) (P=0.004), whereas there were no differences in OS for patients with t(6;11) (P=0.62), t(11;19) (P=0.20) and unbalanced 11q23 aberrations (P=0.85) or t(11;v)(q23;v) (P=0.59), indicating that t(9;11) has an independent intermediate prognostic significance, with all others being poor prognostic factors for OS; this was further confirmed by comparing them with patients with non-11q23 AML and intermediate-risk karyotype. Using intention-to treat analysis based on donor availability, we also noted that allogeneic stem cell transplant in first remission had a significant benefit toward improving OS (P<0.001) and relapse-free survival (P<0.001) in patients with AML and 11q23 abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-842
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 11q23 cytogenetic abnormalities
  • AML
  • allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • complete remission
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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