Prospective validation of the Good Outcome Following Attempted Resuscitation (GO-FAR)score for in-hospital cardiac arrest prognosis

Thuy Nhu Thai, Mark H. Ebell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: We aimed to prospectively validate the Good Outcome Following Attempted Resuscitation (GO-FAR)score, which predicts the likelihood of survival to discharge neurologically intact or with minimal deficits (conscious, alert, and able to work)after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). Methods: Inpatients experiencing an index episode of IHCA between 2010 and 2016 in hospitals participating in the Get With the Guidelines ® — Resuscitation (GWTG-R)Registry were included. The score's performance was prospectively validated in both all GWTG-R hospitals and in a subset of hospitals not part of the GWTG-R registry when the score was originally developed using prospective data. Score performance was stratified by hospital size, presence of residency training programs, and type of hospital ownership. Discrimination was measured by the c-statistic, calibration using a Hosmer-Lemeshow plot, and classification accuracy by the survival rates in each risk group. Results: A total of 62,131 inpatients in 386 hospital were included. The GO-FAR score had similar discrimination (c-statistic 0.75, 95% CI 0.748−0.758), calibration, and classification accuracy as in the original study. Survival rates were somewhat higher due to a secular increase in survival of IHCA. In hospitals that were not part of the derivation population, the score performed as well as in the hospitals used to derive the score (c-statistic 0.75). The score performed similarly in hospitals of different sizes (c-statistic of 0.80 and 0.75 for hospital with ≤100 and >100 beds, respectively), with and without residency training programs (c-statistics of 0.76 and 0.75, respectively), and with different ownership structures (c-statistic of 0.79 for private, 0.74 for military government, and 0.76 for nonprofit hospital). Conclusions: The GO-FAR score accurately classifies patients into risk groups based on their likelihood of survival to discharge with a good neurologic outcome following an episode of IHCA. Recalibration may be necessary using different point score cutoffs as IHCA survival increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-8
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume140
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Heart Arrest
Resuscitation
Health Facility Size
Ownership
Guidelines
Internship and Residency
Calibration
Survival
Registries
Inpatients
Survival Rate
Education
Nervous System

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary arrest
  • Clinical prediction rules
  • Mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Prospective validation of the Good Outcome Following Attempted Resuscitation (GO-FAR)score for in-hospital cardiac arrest prognosis. / Thai, Thuy Nhu; Ebell, Mark H.

In: Resuscitation, Vol. 140, 01.07.2019, p. 2-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Aim: We aimed to prospectively validate the Good Outcome Following Attempted Resuscitation (GO-FAR)score, which predicts the likelihood of survival to discharge neurologically intact or with minimal deficits (conscious, alert, and able to work)after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). Methods: Inpatients experiencing an index episode of IHCA between 2010 and 2016 in hospitals participating in the Get With the Guidelines ® — Resuscitation (GWTG-R)Registry were included. The score's performance was prospectively validated in both all GWTG-R hospitals and in a subset of hospitals not part of the GWTG-R registry when the score was originally developed using prospective data. Score performance was stratified by hospital size, presence of residency training programs, and type of hospital ownership. Discrimination was measured by the c-statistic, calibration using a Hosmer-Lemeshow plot, and classification accuracy by the survival rates in each risk group. Results: A total of 62,131 inpatients in 386 hospital were included. The GO-FAR score had similar discrimination (c-statistic 0.75, 95% CI 0.748−0.758), calibration, and classification accuracy as in the original study. Survival rates were somewhat higher due to a secular increase in survival of IHCA. In hospitals that were not part of the derivation population, the score performed as well as in the hospitals used to derive the score (c-statistic 0.75). The score performed similarly in hospitals of different sizes (c-statistic of 0.80 and 0.75 for hospital with ≤100 and >100 beds, respectively), with and without residency training programs (c-statistics of 0.76 and 0.75, respectively), and with different ownership structures (c-statistic of 0.79 for private, 0.74 for military government, and 0.76 for nonprofit hospital). Conclusions: The GO-FAR score accurately classifies patients into risk groups based on their likelihood of survival to discharge with a good neurologic outcome following an episode of IHCA. Recalibration may be necessary using different point score cutoffs as IHCA survival increases.

AB - Aim: We aimed to prospectively validate the Good Outcome Following Attempted Resuscitation (GO-FAR)score, which predicts the likelihood of survival to discharge neurologically intact or with minimal deficits (conscious, alert, and able to work)after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). Methods: Inpatients experiencing an index episode of IHCA between 2010 and 2016 in hospitals participating in the Get With the Guidelines ® — Resuscitation (GWTG-R)Registry were included. The score's performance was prospectively validated in both all GWTG-R hospitals and in a subset of hospitals not part of the GWTG-R registry when the score was originally developed using prospective data. Score performance was stratified by hospital size, presence of residency training programs, and type of hospital ownership. Discrimination was measured by the c-statistic, calibration using a Hosmer-Lemeshow plot, and classification accuracy by the survival rates in each risk group. Results: A total of 62,131 inpatients in 386 hospital were included. The GO-FAR score had similar discrimination (c-statistic 0.75, 95% CI 0.748−0.758), calibration, and classification accuracy as in the original study. Survival rates were somewhat higher due to a secular increase in survival of IHCA. In hospitals that were not part of the derivation population, the score performed as well as in the hospitals used to derive the score (c-statistic 0.75). The score performed similarly in hospitals of different sizes (c-statistic of 0.80 and 0.75 for hospital with ≤100 and >100 beds, respectively), with and without residency training programs (c-statistics of 0.76 and 0.75, respectively), and with different ownership structures (c-statistic of 0.79 for private, 0.74 for military government, and 0.76 for nonprofit hospital). Conclusions: The GO-FAR score accurately classifies patients into risk groups based on their likelihood of survival to discharge with a good neurologic outcome following an episode of IHCA. Recalibration may be necessary using different point score cutoffs as IHCA survival increases.

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KW - Clinical prediction rules

KW - Mortality

KW - Prognosis

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