Proteasome enzymatic activities in plasma as risk stratification of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and advanced-stage myelodysplastic syndrome

Wanlong Ma, Hagop Kantarjian, Benjamin Bekele, Amber C. Donahue, Xi Zhang, Zhong J. Zhang, Susan O'Brien, Elihu Estey, Zeev Estrov, Jorge Cortes, Michael Keating, Francis Giles, Maher Albitar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Cytogenetic abnormalities are currently the most important predictors of response and clinical outcome for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or advanced-stage myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Because clinical outcomes vary markedly within cytogenetic subgroups, additional biological markers are needed for risk stratification. Experimental Design: We assessed the utility of measuring pretreatment proteasome chymotrypsin-like, caspase-like, and trypsin-like activities in plasma to predict response and survival of patients with AML (n = 174) or advanced-stage MDS (n = 52). Results: All three enzymatic activities were significantly (P < 0.001) increased in the plasma of patients with AML and MDS compared with normal controls. Both chymotrypsin-like and caspase-like activities, but not trypsin-like activity, correlated with outcome. Chymotrypsin-like and caspase-like activities, but not trypsin-like activity, predicted response in univariate analysis (P = 0.002). However, only chymotrypsin-like activity was independent predictor of response from age grouping (<70 versus ≥70 years), cytogenetics, and blood urea nitrogen in multivariate analysis. Similarly, both chymotrypsin-like and caspase-like activities, but not trypsin-like activity, were predictors of overall survival in univariate analysis (P < 0.0001), but only chymotrypsin-like activity was independent of cytogenetics, age, performance status, blood urea nitrogen, and β2-microglobulin in multivariate Cox regression models. Chymotrypsinlike activity was also a strong independent predictor of survival in patients with intermediate karyotype (n = 124). Conclusions: Measuring plasma chymotrypsin-like activity may provide a powerful biomarker for risk stratification in patients with AML and advanced-stage MDS, including those with normal karyotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3820-3826
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Ma, W., Kantarjian, H., Bekele, B., Donahue, A. C., Zhang, X., Zhang, Z. J., O'Brien, S., Estey, E., Estrov, Z., Cortes, J., Keating, M., Giles, F., & Albitar, M. (2009). Proteasome enzymatic activities in plasma as risk stratification of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and advanced-stage myelodysplastic syndrome. Clinical Cancer Research, 15(11), 3820-3826. https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-3034