A high M(r) synthetase core complex isolated from higher eukaryotes contains aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases specific for arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, and proline. Previously, five of the synthetases were shown to be phosphorylated in reticulocytes, and the glutaminyl- and aspartyl-tRNA synthetases were shown to be selectively phosphorylated in response to 8-bromo cAMP (Pendergast, A.M., Venema, R.C., and Traugh, J.A. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 5939-5942). Exposure of reticulocytes to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate stimulates the selective phosphorylation of one synthetase in the complex, glutamyl-tRNA synthetase. Only the glutamyl-tRNA synthetase is modified to a significant extent when the purified complex is phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase C; up to 0.7 mol of phosphate is incorporated per mol of synthetase. Two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping shows a single tryptic phosphopeptide, which is identical for the enzyme modified in vitro by protein kinase C or in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-stimulated cells. Phosphorylation in vivo is reproducibly accompanied by a 38 ± 10% reduction in aminoacylation activity of partially purified glutamyl-tRNA synthetase assayed in vitro. Phosphorylation in vitro has no detectable effect on aminoacylation. This difference may be due to the absence of a required effector molecule which alters activity by interaction with the phosphorylated synthetase. Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase is one of a growing number of translational components, including initiation factors, which are coordinately modified by protein kinase C in response to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology