Proteomic alterations in aqueous humor from patients with primary open angle glaucoma

Shruti Sharma, Kathryn Elizabeth Bollinger, Sai Karthik Kodeboyina, Wenbo Zhi, Jordan Patton, Shan Bai, Blake Edwards, Lane D Ulrich, David Bogorad, Ashok Kumar Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most prevalent form of glaucoma, accounting for approximately 90% of all cases. The aqueous humor (AH), a biological fluid in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, is involved in a multitude of functions including the maintenance of IOP and ocular homeostasis. This fluid is very close to the pathologic site and is also known to have a significant role in glaucoma pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to identify proteomic alterations in AH from patients with POAG. METHODS. AH samples were extracted from 47 patients undergoing cataract surgery (controls: n = 32; POAG: n = 15). Proteomic analysis of the digested samples was accomplished by liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry. The identified proteins were evaluated using a variety of statistical and bioinformatics methods. RESULTS. A total of 33 proteins were significantly altered in POAG subjects compared with the controls. The most abundant proteins in POAG subjects are IGKC (13.56-fold), ITIH4 (4.1-fold), APOC3 (3.36-fold), IDH3A (3.11-fold), LOC105369216 (2.98-fold). SERPINF2 (2.94-fold), NPC2 (2.88-fold), SUCLG2 (2.70-fold), KIAA0100 (2.29-fold), CNOT4 (2.23-fold), AQP4 (2.11-fold), COL18A1 (2.08-fold), NWD1 (2.07-fold), and TMEM120B (2.06-fold). A significant increasing trend in the odds ratios of having POAG was observed with increased levels of these proteins. CONCLUSION. Proteins identified in this study are implicated in signaling, glycosylation, immune response, molecular transport, and lipid metabolism. The identified candidate proteins may be potential biomarkers associated with POAG development and may lead to more insight in understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2635-2643
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Aqueous Humor
Proteomics
Proteins
Glaucoma
Anterior Chamber
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Computational Biology
Glycosylation
Lipid Metabolism
Liquid Chromatography
Cataract
Mass Spectrometry
Homeostasis
Biomarkers
Odds Ratio
Maintenance

Keywords

  • Aqueous humor
  • Glaucoma
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Proteomic alterations in aqueous humor from patients with primary open angle glaucoma. / Sharma, Shruti; Bollinger, Kathryn Elizabeth; Kodeboyina, Sai Karthik; Zhi, Wenbo; Patton, Jordan; Bai, Shan; Edwards, Blake; Ulrich, Lane D; Bogorad, David; Sharma, Ashok Kumar.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 59, No. 6, 01.05.2018, p. 2635-2643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE. Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most prevalent form of glaucoma, accounting for approximately 90{\%} of all cases. The aqueous humor (AH), a biological fluid in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, is involved in a multitude of functions including the maintenance of IOP and ocular homeostasis. This fluid is very close to the pathologic site and is also known to have a significant role in glaucoma pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to identify proteomic alterations in AH from patients with POAG. METHODS. AH samples were extracted from 47 patients undergoing cataract surgery (controls: n = 32; POAG: n = 15). Proteomic analysis of the digested samples was accomplished by liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry. The identified proteins were evaluated using a variety of statistical and bioinformatics methods. RESULTS. A total of 33 proteins were significantly altered in POAG subjects compared with the controls. The most abundant proteins in POAG subjects are IGKC (13.56-fold), ITIH4 (4.1-fold), APOC3 (3.36-fold), IDH3A (3.11-fold), LOC105369216 (2.98-fold). SERPINF2 (2.94-fold), NPC2 (2.88-fold), SUCLG2 (2.70-fold), KIAA0100 (2.29-fold), CNOT4 (2.23-fold), AQP4 (2.11-fold), COL18A1 (2.08-fold), NWD1 (2.07-fold), and TMEM120B (2.06-fold). A significant increasing trend in the odds ratios of having POAG was observed with increased levels of these proteins. CONCLUSION. Proteins identified in this study are implicated in signaling, glycosylation, immune response, molecular transport, and lipid metabolism. The identified candidate proteins may be potential biomarkers associated with POAG development and may lead to more insight in understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of this disease.",
keywords = "Aqueous humor, Glaucoma, Mass spectrometry, Proteomics",
author = "Shruti Sharma and Bollinger, {Kathryn Elizabeth} and Kodeboyina, {Sai Karthik} and Wenbo Zhi and Jordan Patton and Shan Bai and Blake Edwards and Ulrich, {Lane D} and David Bogorad and Sharma, {Ashok Kumar}",
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T1 - Proteomic alterations in aqueous humor from patients with primary open angle glaucoma

AU - Sharma, Shruti

AU - Bollinger, Kathryn Elizabeth

AU - Kodeboyina, Sai Karthik

AU - Zhi, Wenbo

AU - Patton, Jordan

AU - Bai, Shan

AU - Edwards, Blake

AU - Ulrich, Lane D

AU - Bogorad, David

AU - Sharma, Ashok Kumar

PY - 2018/5/1

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N2 - PURPOSE. Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most prevalent form of glaucoma, accounting for approximately 90% of all cases. The aqueous humor (AH), a biological fluid in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, is involved in a multitude of functions including the maintenance of IOP and ocular homeostasis. This fluid is very close to the pathologic site and is also known to have a significant role in glaucoma pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to identify proteomic alterations in AH from patients with POAG. METHODS. AH samples were extracted from 47 patients undergoing cataract surgery (controls: n = 32; POAG: n = 15). Proteomic analysis of the digested samples was accomplished by liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry. The identified proteins were evaluated using a variety of statistical and bioinformatics methods. RESULTS. A total of 33 proteins were significantly altered in POAG subjects compared with the controls. The most abundant proteins in POAG subjects are IGKC (13.56-fold), ITIH4 (4.1-fold), APOC3 (3.36-fold), IDH3A (3.11-fold), LOC105369216 (2.98-fold). SERPINF2 (2.94-fold), NPC2 (2.88-fold), SUCLG2 (2.70-fold), KIAA0100 (2.29-fold), CNOT4 (2.23-fold), AQP4 (2.11-fold), COL18A1 (2.08-fold), NWD1 (2.07-fold), and TMEM120B (2.06-fold). A significant increasing trend in the odds ratios of having POAG was observed with increased levels of these proteins. CONCLUSION. Proteins identified in this study are implicated in signaling, glycosylation, immune response, molecular transport, and lipid metabolism. The identified candidate proteins may be potential biomarkers associated with POAG development and may lead to more insight in understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of this disease.

AB - PURPOSE. Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most prevalent form of glaucoma, accounting for approximately 90% of all cases. The aqueous humor (AH), a biological fluid in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, is involved in a multitude of functions including the maintenance of IOP and ocular homeostasis. This fluid is very close to the pathologic site and is also known to have a significant role in glaucoma pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to identify proteomic alterations in AH from patients with POAG. METHODS. AH samples were extracted from 47 patients undergoing cataract surgery (controls: n = 32; POAG: n = 15). Proteomic analysis of the digested samples was accomplished by liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry. The identified proteins were evaluated using a variety of statistical and bioinformatics methods. RESULTS. A total of 33 proteins were significantly altered in POAG subjects compared with the controls. The most abundant proteins in POAG subjects are IGKC (13.56-fold), ITIH4 (4.1-fold), APOC3 (3.36-fold), IDH3A (3.11-fold), LOC105369216 (2.98-fold). SERPINF2 (2.94-fold), NPC2 (2.88-fold), SUCLG2 (2.70-fold), KIAA0100 (2.29-fold), CNOT4 (2.23-fold), AQP4 (2.11-fold), COL18A1 (2.08-fold), NWD1 (2.07-fold), and TMEM120B (2.06-fold). A significant increasing trend in the odds ratios of having POAG was observed with increased levels of these proteins. CONCLUSION. Proteins identified in this study are implicated in signaling, glycosylation, immune response, molecular transport, and lipid metabolism. The identified candidate proteins may be potential biomarkers associated with POAG development and may lead to more insight in understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of this disease.

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