Establishment of hydrophilic organic/salt-containing aqueous two-phase system and purification of salvianolic acid B from crude extract of S. miltiorrhiza by counter-current chromatography with said system were studied. Ethanol and n-propanol were selected to constitute biphasic systems with ammonia sulphate, sodium chloride and phosphate separately, and related system characteristics including phase diagrams, phase ratio, separation time were tested. The partition coefficient of crude salvianolic acid B was also tested in above systems and further finely adjusted by altering the constitution of phosphate in n-propanol/phosphate system. Salvianolic acid B was purified to 95.5% purity by counter-current chromatography in 36% (w/w) n-propanol/8% (w/w) phosphate system with the ratio between dipotassium hydrogen phosphate and sodium dihydrogen phosphate of 94:6. One hundred and eight milligrams of salvianolic acid B was purified from 285 mg crude extract with the recovery of 89%.
- Counter-current chromatography
- Hydrophilic organic/salt-containing aqueous two-phase system
- Salvianolic acid B
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry