Quaternary ammonium silane-based antibacterial and anti-proteolytic cavity cleanser

Ya ping Gou, Ji yao Li, Mohamed M. Meghil, Christopher W. Cutler, Hockin H.K. Xu, Franklin R. Tay, Li na Niu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objective: Secondary caries and degradation of hybrid layers are two major challenges in achieving durable resin–dentin bonds. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the effects of a 2% quaternary ammonium silane (QAS) cavity cleanser on bacteria impregnated into dentin blocks and the gelatinolytic activity of the hybrid layers. Methods: Microtensile bond strength was first performed to evaluate if the 2% QAS cavity cleanser adversely affected bond strength. For antibacterial testing, Streptococcus mutans and Actinomyces naeslundii were impregnated into dentin blocks, respectively, prior to the application of the cavity cleanser. Live/dead bacterial staining and colony-forming unit (CFU) counts were performed to evaluate their antibacterial effects. Gelatinolytic activity within the hybrid layers was directly examined using in-situ zymography. A double-fluorescence technique was used to examine interfacial permeability immediately after bonding. Results: The cavity cleanser did not adversely affect the bond strength of the adhesives tested (p > 0.05). Antibacterial testing indicated that 2% QAS significantly killed impregnated bacteria within the dentin blocks compared with control group (p < 0.05), which was comparable with the antibacterial activity of 2% chlorhexidine (p > 0.05). Hybrid layers pretreated with 2% QAS showed significant decrease in enzyme activity compared with control group. With the use of 2% QAS, relatively lower interfacial permeability was observed, compared with control group and 2% chlorhexidine (p < 0.05). Significance: The present study developed a 2% QAS cavity cleanser that possesses combined antimicrobial and anti-proteolytic activities to extend the longevity of resin–dentin bonds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1814-1827
Number of pages14
JournalDental Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • Antibacterial
  • Cavity cleanser
  • Endogenous dentin proteases
  • Quaternary ammonium silane
  • Resin–dentin bonds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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