Rapid radiation dose assessment for radiological public health emergencies: Roles of niaid and barda

Marcy B. Grace, Brian R. Moyer, Joanna Prasher, Kenneth D. Cliffer, Narayani Ramakrishnan, Joseph Michael Kaminski, C. Norman Coleman, Ronald G. Manning, Bert W. Maidment, Richard Hatchett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

A large-scale radiological incident would result in an immediate critical need to assess the radiation doses received by thousands of individuals to allow for prompt triage and appropriate medical treatment. Measuring absorbed doses of ionizing radiation will require a system architecture or a system of platforms that contains diverse, integrated diagnostic and dosimetric tools that are accurate and precise. For large-scale incidents, rapidity and ease of screening are essential. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health is the focal point within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for basic research and development of medical countermeasures for radiation injuries. The Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority within the HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response coordinates and administers programs for the advanced development and acquisition of emergency medical countermeasures for the Strategic National Stockpile. Using a combination of funding mechanisms, including funds authorized by the Project BioShield Act of 2004 and those authorized by the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006, HHS is enhancing the nation's preparedness by supporting the radiation dose assessment capabilities that will ensure effective and appropriate use of medical countermeasures in the aftermath of a radiological or nuclear incident.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Physics
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • Biodosimetry
  • Dose assessment
  • Dose, absorbed
  • Emergency planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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  • Cite this

    Grace, M. B., Moyer, B. R., Prasher, J., Cliffer, K. D., Ramakrishnan, N., Kaminski, J. M., Coleman, C. N., Manning, R. G., Maidment, B. W., & Hatchett, R. (2010). Rapid radiation dose assessment for radiological public health emergencies: Roles of niaid and barda. Health Physics, 98(2), 172-178. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.HP.0000348001.60905.c0