Rates of Ipsilateral Local-regional Recurrence in High-risk Patients Undergoing Immediate Post-mastectomy Reconstruction (AFT-01)

Christina M. Dudley, Alyssa A. Wiener, Trista J. Stankowski-Drengler, Jessica R. Schumacher, Amanda B. Francescatti, Samuel O. Poore, Caprice C. Greenberg, Heather B. Neuman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Some surgeons remain hesitant to perform immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) in patients with higher risk cancers owing to concerns about cancer recurrence and/or detection. Our objective was to determine the rate of ipsilateral local-regional recurrence for stage II/III patients who underwent IBR. Methods: The National Cancer Database special study mechanism was used to create a stratified sample of women diagnosed with stage II/III breast cancer from 1217 facilities. Demographic, tumor, and recurrence data for women who underwent mastectomy with or without IBR were abstracted, including location of recurrence and method of detection. Estimates of 5-year local-regional recurrence rates were calculated and factors associated with recurrence were identified with multivariable Cox regression. Results: Some 13% (692/5318) of stage II/III patients underwent IBR after mastectomy. Patients undergoing IBR were younger (P <.001), with fewer comorbid conditions (P <.001), and with lower tumor burden in the breast (P =.001) and the lymph nodes (P = 0.01). The 5-year rate of ipsilateral local-regional recurrence was 3.6% with no significant difference between patients with or without IBR (3.0% vs. 3.7%, P =.4). Most recurrences were detected by the patient (45%) or on physician examination (24%). Reconstruction was not associated with recurrence on multivariable analysis (hazard ratio = 0.83, P =.52). Conclusion: Women with stage II/III breast cancer selected for IBR had similar rates of ipsilateral local-regional recurrence compared with those undergoing mastectomy alone. Offering IBR after mastectomy in a patient-centered manner to select patients with stage II/III breast cancer is an acceptable consideration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Breast Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • Cancer outcomes
  • Locally-advanced
  • Reconstruction
  • Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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