Reciprocal regulation of cilia and autophagy via the MTOR and proteasome pathways

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary cilium is an organelle that plays significant roles in a number of cellular functions ranging from cell mechanosensation, proliferation, and differentiation to apoptosis. Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved cellular function in biology and indispensable for cellular homeostasis. Both cilia and autophagy have been linked to different types of genetic and acquired human diseases. Their interaction has been suggested very recently, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. We examined autophagy in cells with suppressed cilia and measured cilium length in autophagy-activated or -suppressed cells. It was found that autophagy was repressed in cells with short cilia. Further investigation showed that MTOR activation was enhanced in cilia-suppressed cells and the MTOR inhibitor rapamycin could largely reverse autophagy suppression. In human kidney proximal tubular cells (HK2), autophagy induction was associated with cilium elongation. Conversely, autophagy inhibition by 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and chloroquine (CQ) as well as bafilomycin A1 (Baf) led to short cilia. Cilia were also shorter in cultured atg5-knockout (KO) cells and in atg7-KO kidney proximal tubular cells in mice. MG132, an inhibitor of the proteasome, could significantly restore cilium length in atg5-KO cells, being concomitant with the proteasome activity. Together, the results suggest that cilia and autophagy regulate reciprocally through the MTOR signaling pathway and ubiquitin-proteasome system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-616
Number of pages10
JournalAutophagy
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Cilia
Autophagy
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Kidney
Proteasome Inhibitors
Medical Genetics
Chloroquine
Sirolimus
Ubiquitin
Organelles
Cell Biology
Cell Differentiation
Homeostasis
Cell Proliferation
Apoptosis

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Cilia
  • MTOR
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Proteasome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Reciprocal regulation of cilia and autophagy via the MTOR and proteasome pathways. / Wang, Shixuan; Livingston, Man Jiang; Su, Yunchao; Dong, Zheng.

In: Autophagy, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.01.2015, p. 607-616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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