BACKGROUND: Spontaneous subcapsular liver hemorrhage is a rare but life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Optimal management of an expanding hematoma or ruptured capsule has not been established. CASES: We report 3 patients with preeclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome with spontaneous subcapsular liver hematomas. The first 2 patients with ruptured liver hematomas experienced life-threatening hemorrhage. The third patient experienced uncontrollable vaginal bleeding, liver hemorrhage, and was in imminent danger of capsule rupture. Despite aggressive surgical intervention and traditional blood component therapy, adequate hemostasis could not be achieved in any of these patients. Recombinant factor VIIa was used to achieve hemostasis in all three patients. CONCLUSION: Recombinant factor VIIa is an effective adjunct in the treatment of preeclamptic patients with expanding or ruptured subcapsular liver hematoma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Obstetrics and gynecology|
|Issue number||5 Pt 2|
|State||Published - May 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology