Recombinant factor VIIa in management of spontaneous subcapsular liver hematoma associated with pregnancy.

Shakil H. Merchant, Prasad Mathew, Timothy J. Vanderjagt, Thomas R. Howdieshell, Kendall P. Crookston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous subcapsular liver hemorrhage is a rare but life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Optimal management of an expanding hematoma or ruptured capsule has not been established. CASES: We report 3 patients with preeclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome with spontaneous subcapsular liver hematomas. The first 2 patients with ruptured liver hematomas experienced life-threatening hemorrhage. The third patient experienced uncontrollable vaginal bleeding, liver hemorrhage, and was in imminent danger of capsule rupture. Despite aggressive surgical intervention and traditional blood component therapy, adequate hemostasis could not be achieved in any of these patients. Recombinant factor VIIa was used to achieve hemostasis in all three patients. CONCLUSION: Recombinant factor VIIa is an effective adjunct in the treatment of preeclamptic patients with expanding or ruptured subcapsular liver hematoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1055-1058
Number of pages4
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume103
Issue number5 Pt 2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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