The present study analyzes the regeneration of skeletal muscle in diabetic rats. Intravenous injection of streptozotocin (STZ) was used to induce diabetes. Six weeks later the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from diabetic rats were either transplanted into diabetic or normal hosts to initiate regeneration. Normal EDL muscle transplants in normal and diabetic hosts were also performed for comparison. One, 2, 4, and 12 weeks after transplantation, the EDL regenerates were morphologically analyzed. Regeneration and formation of neuromuscular junctions were observed in all transplants, including diabetic regenerates in diabetic hosts. The overall mass and myofiber size of the diabetic EDL regenerate in the diabetic host was significantly reduced in spite of complete regeneration. Recovery of the diabetic muscle mass and the myofiber size was observed after transplantation into normal hosts. A reduction in mass and myofiber size was observed in normal EDL muscles transplanted into diabetic hosts. It is concluded that poor recovery of diabetic muscle is related to metabolic and structural alterations in the diabetic host, rather than to innate capacity of the muscle to per se undergo regeneration and reinnervation. The observed enhancement in recovery of diabetic muscle after transplantation in a normal host and deterioration of normal muscle after transplantation in a diabetic host shows that the host environment determines the success of muscle regeneration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)