Regulatory authority approaches to deploying quality improvement standards to community pharmacies: Insights from the safetyNET-RX program

Todd A. Boyle, Andrea C. Bishop, Chris Hillier, Thomas Mahaffey, Neil J. MacKinnon, Bev Zwicker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Continuous quality improvement (CQI) programs provide an effective means to improve the safety and quality of community pharmacy practice. The role of formal support processes in ensuring the success of these CQI programs is explored in this research using the SafetyNET-Rx project. Objective: The primary objectives of this research were to determine how knowledge of, and confidence in, mandated CQI standards differs among pharmacies with access to formal support mechanisms and those without and the challenges faced by both. Methods: A survey questionnaire was mailed to 179 community pharmacies in Nova Scotia, Canada, in spring 2011. Quantitative results were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test for nonparametric data. Qualitative open-ended responses were analyzed using content analysis. Results: Performing the Mann-Whitney U test indicated that a number of differences exist between the 2 groups with respect to: (1) staff knowledge of reporting quality-related events (QREs) to an anonymous database; (2) conducting annual pharmacy safety self-assessments; (3) confidence in meeting these 2 elements; and (4) documenting changes to address QREs. A number of challenges were identified by respondents through the open-ended questions. Conclusions: This research highlights the value of the active provision of formal support when developing standards related to quality improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-149
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • medication safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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