Release of bisphenol A from resin composite used to bond orthodontic lingual retainers

Yoon Goo Kang, Ji Young Kim, Jaejik Kim, Phil Jun Won, Jong Hyun Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Introduction: In this study, we assessed the changes in bisphenol A (BPA) levels in saliva and urine after placing lingual bonded retainers. Methods: Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to examine the BPA levels in the saliva and urine samples collected from 22 volunteers who received a lingual bonded retainer on their mandibular dentition. Samples were collected immediately before placement and 30 minutes, 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after placement. The time elapsed after placement, type of resin composite (nanohybrid filled flowable resin or conventional hybrid resin), surface prophylaxis, age, and sex were evaluated for their effects on the BPA levels. Results: The only significant high level of BPA was observed in the saliva collected just after placement of the lingual bonded retainer. Age and sex did not affect the BPA levels. Subjects in the flowable resin group had lower BPA levels than those in the conventional hybrid resin group; pumice prophylaxis decreased the level of BPA released from the conventional hybrid resin at the immediate time point. The salivary BPA level (maximum, 20.889 ng/mL) detected in the samples collected just after placement was far lower than the reference daily intake dose. Conclusions: Accordingly, the potential toxicity of BPA from placing lingual bonded retainer might be negligible. On the other hand, because the health-effective amount of BPA is controversial, BPA release should be minimized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-789
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics


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