Renal oxygenation (rso2) population parameter estimates in premature infants routinely monitored with near-infrared spectroscopy

Terri Marin, Bryan L Williams, Asifhusen Mansuri, Cynthia Mundy, Christy Cockfield, Paul C. Mann, Brian K. Stansfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Currently, reference ranges for renal oxygenation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in preterm infants beyond the first days of life are lacking, especially those born prior to 29 weeks' gestation. Population estimates of renal oxygenation (rSO2) levels among preterm infants over time have yet to be established, leading to reluctance in clinical application. Purpose: To characterize the distribution and estimate population parameters for renal oxygenation measured by NIRS during the first 14 days of life among preterm infants. Methods: We prospectively observed rSO2 trends of 37 infants before 34 weeks' gestation and 1800-g or less birth weight for the first 14 days of life. Analyses included distribution fit tests, ordinary least squares (OLS) regression, and t tests. Results: Average daily rSO2 variation steadily increased with 42% difference through the first 14 days of life. For all infants, renal rSO2 means peaked during the first 3 days of life and plateaued around 7 days. Daily rSO2 slopes were significantly lower among males and infants 29 weeks' or less gestation. Implications for Practice: Renal rSO2 during the first 14 days of life reflects normal extrauterine transition reaching stabilization around 7 days of life. Gestational age, birth weight, and gender may predict the early trajectory of rSO2 patterns. Population estimates provide parameters for renal rSO2 that may indicate early-onset tissue hypoxia when acute or significant drops from baseline occur. Implications for Research: We present a framework to guide future research using renal NIRS technology in preterm infants to determine deviations from expected trends that may precede renal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0927
JournalAdvances in Neonatal Care
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Ischemia
  • Near-infrared spetroscopy
  • Premature Infants
  • Renal oxygenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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