Several reports have indicated that resin bond strengths to noncarious sclerotic cervical dentine are lower than bonds made to normal dentine. This is thought to be due to tubule occlusion by mineral salts, preventing resin tag formation. The purpose of this review was to critically examine what is known about the structure of this type of dentine. Recent transmission electron microscopy revealed that in addition to occlusion of the tubules by mineral crystals, many parts of wedge-shaped cervical lesions contain a hypermineralised surface that resists the etching action of both self-etching primers and phosphoric acid. This layer prevents hybridisation of the underlying sclerotic dentine. In addition, bacteria are often detected on top of the hypermineralised layer. Sometimes the bacteria were embedded in a partially mineralised matrix. Acidic conditioners and resins penetrate variable distances into these multilayered structures. Examination of both sides of the failed bonds revealed a wide variation in fracture patterns that involved all of these structures. Microtensile bond strengths to the occlusal, gingival and deepest portions of these wedge-shaped lesions were significantly lower than similar areas artificially prepared in normal teeth. When resin bonds to sclerotic dentine are extended to include peripheral sound dentine, their bond strengths are probably high enough to permit retention of class V restorations by adhesion, without additional retention.
- Sclerotic cervical dentine
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