Objective: To evaluate a total-etch three-step adhesive system's resin-dentin interfacial ultrastructure and microtensile dentin bond strength (μTBS) after multi-year storage in water. Methods: Resin composite crowns were formed on 600 grit SiC flattened extracted human molars using a total-etch three-step adhesive system (Optibond FL, Kerr) and a hybrid resin composite (Prodigy, Kerr). μTBS specimens were fabricated and placed in water with 0.5% chloramine T at 37°C until respective static load to failure testing at one-month, six-months and five-year storage. Failure modes were determined by scanning electron microscopy. The interfacial ultrastructure of the resin-dentin interface was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) at 48-hours and 44-months storage. μTBS was modeled with Weibull distribution for survival analysis and failure curve distributions were analyzed by the Wald chi-square statistic for significant differences at α=0.05. Results: The characteristic tensile strength (σo) at one-month, six-months and five-year storage was 52.63, 14.77 and 23.57 Mpa, with a Weibull modulus of 3.04, 1.56 and 1.28, respectively. Failure distributions for all groups were significantly different (p<0.0001) with one-month > five-year > six-months. TEM interfacial morphology demonstrated hydrolytic degradation of hybrid layer components at 44-months storage. Significance: The decrease in tensile strength and changes in ultrastructure may be caused by water sorption and resultant hydrolytic degradation of the adhesive joint.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Nov 2004|
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