The purpose of this study was to evaluate the resin-dentin interfacial morphology and shear bond strength of several new and experimental dentin bonding systems classified as single-bottle/ total etch, multi-step/total etch, and self-etching. Class 1 and 5 cavities were prepared from freshly extracted permanent molars and restored with composite resin. Each bonded sample was cross sectioned and one-half was completely demineralized and deproteinized, while the other half was polished along the cut surface to permit measurement of the thickness of resin-infiltrated dentin layer (RIDL) within intertubular dentin (iRIDL) and around the peritubular walls (pRIDL) of resin tags by SEM. Shear bond strength was measured for all the systems 2 minutes after photocuring. SEM showed iRIDL and resin tags of different morphology depending on material and dentin location. The iRIDL was thinner in superficial dentin and thicker in deep dentin. Peritubular RIDL (pRIDL) was thinner than intertubular RIDL. Bond strength measurements varied from 12 to 21 MPa, depending on the materials used. Self-etching primer systems exhibited the highest bond strength, although one of the one-step/total etch systems also yielded very high values. The contribution of pRIDL to adhesion onto superficial dentin is limited by the small number of tubules. Single-component bonding agents produced SEM morphology and bond strengths similar to those of multi-step systems. Self-etching systems, despite their limited RIDL thickness, produced the highest immediate bond strengths. Bond strength did not correlate well with the thickness and morphology of RIDL.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 1998|
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