Resistance of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus to alpha/beta interferon and to gamma interferon

Demetrius Moskophidis, Manuel Battegay, Marie Anne Bruendler, Elisabeth Laine, Ion Gresser, Rolf M. Zinkernagel

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Abstract

The susceptibility to alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β) or to gamma interferon (IFN-γ) of various lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) strains was evaluated in C57BL/6 mice and in various cell lines. Anti-IFN-γ treatment in vivo revealed that the LCMV strains Armstrong, Aggressive, and WE were most susceptible to IFN-γ whereas Traub, CI 13-Armstrong, and Docile were resistant. The same pattern of susceptibility to recombinant IFN-γ was observed in vitro. In vivo treatment with anti-IFN-α/β showed a sizeable increase in replication of Aggressive, Armstrong, and WE; effects were less pronounced for Docile, CI 13-Armstrong, or Traub. Correspondingly, WE, Armstrong, and Aggressive were all relatively sensitive to purified IFN- α/β in vitro, and CI 13-Armstrong, Docile, and Traub were more resistant. Overall, there was a good correlation between the capacity of LCMV strains to establish a persistent infection in adult immunocompetent mice and their relative resistance to IFN-γ and IFN-α/β.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1951-1955
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume68
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

Cite this

Moskophidis, D., Battegay, M., Bruendler, M. A., Laine, E., Gresser, I., & Zinkernagel, R. M. (1994). Resistance of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus to alpha/beta interferon and to gamma interferon. Journal of Virology, 68(3), 1951-1955.