Responses of oral epithelial cells to dental resin components)

C. A. Lefebvre, G. S. Schuster, F. A. Rueggeberg, K. Tamare-Selvy, K. L. Knoernschild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The light-polymerized resins used in dentistry and their various constituents have been shown to produce significant levels of cytotoxicity, depending upon the material and the cell type exposed to it. These responses include altered cell growth and macromolecule synthesis. The current study examined the effects of several resin components on growth and lipid metabolism of oral epithelial cells. Resin discs were fabricated from triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) as received from the manufacturer and after removal of the stabilizer methyl ether hydroquinone (MEHQ). Some discs also contained the initiators benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and camphoroquinone (CQ), and/or an activator, dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA). After polymerization, the ability of components to elute from the discs and alter cell growth and lipid synthesis were assayed by a colorimetric method and thin layer chromatography respectively. Purified TEGDMA had little effect on the cells' growth or lipid metabolism, while TEGDMA containing MEHQ did inhibit growth as well as total polar lipid synthesis. Eluates from discs containing DMAEMA inhibited cell growth as well as decreasing polar lipid formation. However, this same material produced increased synthesis of diglycerides and cholesterol esters. Eluates from BPO-containing discs, as well as those with CQ, with or without DMAEMA resulted in increased levels of diglycerides. These results demonstrate that even after polymerization, components used in dental resins may elute into the immediate environment and alter various cell metabolic processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)965-976
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Cell growth
  • Lipids
  • Metabolism
  • Oral epithelium
  • Resins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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