Results of inotuzumab ozogamicin, a CD22 monoclonal antibody, in refractory and relapsed acute lymphocytic leukemia

Hagop Kantarjian, Deborah Thomas, Jeffrey Jorgensen, Partow Kebriaei, Elias Jabbour, Michael Rytting, Sergernne York, Farhad Ravandi, Rebecca Garris, Monica Kwari, Stefan Faderl, Jorge Cortes, Richard Champlin, Susan O'Brien

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188 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND CD22 expression occurs in >90% of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Inotuzumab ozogamicin, a CD22 monoclonal antibody bound to calicheamicin, is active in ALL. METHODS Patients with refractory-relapsed ALL received treatment with inotuzumab. The first 49 patients received single-dose, intravenous inotuzumab at doses of 1.3 to 1.8 mg/m2 every 3 to 4 weeks. In the next 41 patients, the schedule was modified to inotuzumab weekly at a dose of 0.8 mg/m2 on day 1 and at a dose of 0.5 mg/m2 on days 8 and 15, every 3 to 4 weeks, based on higher in vitro efficacy with more frequent exposure. RESULTS Ninety patients were treated; 68% were in salvage 2 or beyond. Overall, 17 patients (19%) achieved a complete response (CR), 27 (30%) had a CR with no platelet recovery (CRp), and 8 (9%) had a bone marrow CR (no recovery of counts), for an overall response rate of 58%. Response rates were similar for single-dose and weekly dose inotuzumab (57% vs 59%, respectively). The median survival was 6.2 months overall, 5.0 months with the single-dose schedule, and 7.3 months with the weekly dose schedule. The median survival was 9.2 months for patients in salvage 1 (37% at 1 year), 4.3 months for patients in salvage 2, and 6.6 months for patients in salvage 3 or later. The median remission duration was 7 months. Reversible bilirubin elevation, fever, and hypotension were observed less frequently on the weekly dose. In total, 36 of 90 patients (40%) underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Veno-occlusive disease was noted in 6 of 36 patients after stem cell transplantation (17%), was less frequent after the weekly schedule (7%), and with less alkylators in the preparative regimen. CONCLUSIONS Inotuzumab single-agent therapy was highly active, safe, and convenient in patients with refractory-relapsed ALL. A weekly dose schedule appeared to be equally effective and less toxic than a single-dose schedule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2728-2736
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume119
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • inotuzumab
  • monoclonal antibody
  • refractory
  • relapsed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Kantarjian, H., Thomas, D., Jorgensen, J., Kebriaei, P., Jabbour, E., Rytting, M., York, S., Ravandi, F., Garris, R., Kwari, M., Faderl, S., Cortes, J., Champlin, R., & O'Brien, S. (2013). Results of inotuzumab ozogamicin, a CD22 monoclonal antibody, in refractory and relapsed acute lymphocytic leukemia. Cancer, 119(15), 2728-2736. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.28136