Biceps tenodesis and tenotomy are both effective surgical procedures for management of shoulder pain and dysfunction secondary to SLAP tears, biceps tendinitis, rotator interval pulley lesions, and failed SLAP repairs. These procedures are generally safe with low complication rates. However, failure of a proximal biceps tenodesis or tenotomy can rarely lead to symptomatic Popeye deformity with pain and cramping with repetitive forearm supination and elbow flexion. Surgical revision is indicated in young active patients to restore the length tension relationship of the biceps brachii to improve supination and flexion strength, as well as to provide symptomatic relief and improved endurance. Failed biceps tenodesis can be a challenging surgical scenario, as oftentimes there is limited available proximal biceps tendon tissue, especially in the setting of prior subpectoral biceps tenodesis. We report a technique of revision open subpectoral biceps tenodesis with allograft tendon augmentation for the management of symptomatic Popeye deformity in young active patients with little to no remaining proximal biceps tendon.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine