Risk factors for developing tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation associated with nightguard vital bleaching

Ralph H. Leonard, Van B. Haywood, Ceib Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors in the development of tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation associated with the nightguard vital bleaching technique. The potential risk factors evaluated (sex, age, reported allergy, whitening solution, number of times the solution was changed daily [its usage pattern], and dental arch) were collected from the daily log form turned in by each of the 64 participants after completion of the 6-week lightening process. Also evaluated for each participant, from color slides, were tooth characteristics such as gingival recession, defective restorations, abfraction lesions, enamel-cementum abrasion, etc, and reported side effects. The generalized Mantel-Haenszel statistic was used to assess the association between the potential risk factors and the development of tooth sensitivity and/or gingival irritation. No statistical relationship existed between age, sex, allergy, tooth characteristics, or the dental arch lightened and the development of side effects. Initially, a statistically significant association existed between side effects and the whitening solution used. However, when the analysis was controlled for usage pattern, this relationship disappeared. Patients who changed the whitening solution more than once a day reported statistically significantly more side effects than did those who did not change the whitening solution during their usage time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalQuintessence international
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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