Role of calcineurin in thrombin-mediated endothelial cell contraction

Bernadett Kolozsvári, Zsolt Szíjgyártó, Péter Bai, Pál Gergely, Alexander Verin, Joe G.N. Garcia, Éva Bakó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Barrier function and shape changes of endothelial cells (EC) are regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of key signaling and contractile elements. EC contraction results in intercellular gap formation and loss of the selective vascular barrier to circulating macromolecules. EC dysfunction elicited by thrombin was found to correlate with actin microfilament redistribution. It is known that calcineurin (Cn) is involved in thrombin-induced EC dysfunction because inhibition of Cn potentiates PKC activity and the phosphorylation state of EC myosin light chain is also affected by Cn activity. Immunofluorescent detection of Cn catalytic subunit (CnA) isoforms coexpressed with GFP was visualized on paraformaldehyde (PFA) fixed bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC). Actin microfilaments were stained with Texas Red-phalloidin. Cytotoxic effects of transfections or treatments and the efficiency of transfections were assessed by flow cytometry. Treatment of BPAEC with Cn inhibitors (cyclosporin A and FK506) hindered recovery of the cells from thrombin-induced EC dysfunction. Inhibition of Cn in the absence of thrombin had no effect on cytoskeletal actin filaments. We detected attenuated thrombin-induced stress fiber formation and changes in cell shape only when cells were transfected with constitutively active CnA and not with various CnA isoforms. Flow cytometry (FCM) analysis has proved that cytotoxic effect of treatments is negligible. We observed that Cn is involved in the recovery from thrombininduced EC dysfunction. Inhibition of Cn caused prolonged contractile effect, while overexpression of constitutively active CnA resulted in reduced thrombin-induced stress fiber formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-411
Number of pages7
JournalCytometry Part A
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Fingerprint

Calcineurin
Thrombin
Endothelial Cells
Actin Cytoskeleton
Stress Fibers
Pulmonary Artery
Transfection
Flow Cytometry
Protein Isoforms
Phosphorylation
Phalloidine
Myosin Light Chains
Cell Shape
Tacrolimus
Cytoskeleton
Cyclosporine
Blood Vessels
Catalytic Domain

Keywords

  • Barrier function
  • Endothelium
  • Immunofluorescence
  • Isoforms of catalytic subunit of calcineurin
  • Stress fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Kolozsvári, B., Szíjgyártó, Z., Bai, P., Gergely, P., Verin, A., Garcia, J. G. N., & Bakó, É. (2009). Role of calcineurin in thrombin-mediated endothelial cell contraction. Cytometry Part A, 75(5), 405-411. https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.20707

Role of calcineurin in thrombin-mediated endothelial cell contraction. / Kolozsvári, Bernadett; Szíjgyártó, Zsolt; Bai, Péter; Gergely, Pál; Verin, Alexander; Garcia, Joe G.N.; Bakó, Éva.

In: Cytometry Part A, Vol. 75, No. 5, 01.05.2009, p. 405-411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kolozsvári, B, Szíjgyártó, Z, Bai, P, Gergely, P, Verin, A, Garcia, JGN & Bakó, É 2009, 'Role of calcineurin in thrombin-mediated endothelial cell contraction', Cytometry Part A, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 405-411. https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.20707
Kolozsvári B, Szíjgyártó Z, Bai P, Gergely P, Verin A, Garcia JGN et al. Role of calcineurin in thrombin-mediated endothelial cell contraction. Cytometry Part A. 2009 May 1;75(5):405-411. https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.20707
Kolozsvári, Bernadett ; Szíjgyártó, Zsolt ; Bai, Péter ; Gergely, Pál ; Verin, Alexander ; Garcia, Joe G.N. ; Bakó, Éva. / Role of calcineurin in thrombin-mediated endothelial cell contraction. In: Cytometry Part A. 2009 ; Vol. 75, No. 5. pp. 405-411.
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