The role of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP)-dependent membrane phosphorylation in the regulation of microsomal calcium transport in rat aortic smooth muscle was studied. Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase augmented the phosphorylation of serine residues in a microsomal protein component with a molecular weight of about 44,000 (determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) and the majority of 32P incorporation was in serine residue(s). The phosphorylated protein had stability characteristics of a phosphoester. The phosphorylated substrate was not extracted from the trichloroacetic acid (TCA) precipitate with organic solvents or by suspension in hot TCA; and the demonstrated hydroxylamine insensitivity suggested that the substrate was not lipid or nucleic acid. Intrinsic phosphoprotein phosphatase cleaved the labeled phosphate from the cyclic AMP-stimulated microsomes in the first 5 min of incubation. Microsomes phosphorylated in the presence of 1 micron cyclic AMP or 1 micron cyclic AMP plus 0.1 mg/ml protein kinase exhibited enhanced calcium uptake. We suggest that reversible phosphorylation of microsomal membranes may play an important role in the regulation of aortic microsomal calcium transport by cyclic AMP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - May 1 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas