Role of Specific Nutrients in Low-Birthweight Infants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Low birthweight (LBW) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as body weight less than 2,500 g at birth based on epidemiological observations that infants with a birthweight less than 2,500 g are 20 times more likely to die than 'heavier' babies [1]. Moreover, according to the WHO, a birthweight below 2,500 g contributes to poor health outcomes. Worldwide, the incidence of LBW is estimated to be 15.5% with a range from 7 to 18.6% based on more developed, less developed and least developed countries. In addition to discussing causes and consequences of LBW, this chapter will discuss specific nutrients that need particular attention in this cohort of infants: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, iron, copper, zinc and issues related to feeding these infants including the use of human milk. Since LBW is an important public health indicator of long-term maternal malnutrition, maternal health, poor prenatal care and, in addition, poses significant challenges in feeding and growth, this large population, globally, deserves particular attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalNestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume81
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

low birth weight
Food
nutrients
World Health Organization
birth weight
Prenatal Care
Population Growth
Human Milk
prenatal care
Vitamin D
Malnutrition
infant feeding
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Developing Countries
Zinc
Copper
infants
breast milk
Iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Role of Specific Nutrients in Low-Birthweight Infants. / Bhatia, Jatinder J.

In: Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series, Vol. 81, 01.01.2015, p. 73-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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