Roles of nitric oxide and prostacyclin in triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA)-induced vasorelaxation

Worku Abebe, William F. Maddux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Most dental resinous materials contain the diluent monomer triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), which has been reported to be bioactive. Previously, it was demonstrated that TEGDMA induces vasorelaxation. The present study examines the mechanism(s) of the TEGDMA-induced vasorelaxation by measuring vascular nitrite and prostacyclin levels. Nitrite and prostacyclin levels were assayed in rat aortic tissues in response to TEGDMA. The involvement of guanylyl and adenylyl cyclases in TEGDMA-induced aortic vasorelaxation was determined using the enzyme inhibitors 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) and 9-(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)-9H-purin-6-amine (SQ22536), respectively. TEGDMA enhanced the levels of nitrites in endothelium-intact and that of protacyclin in both endothelium-intact and denuded rat aortas. The increase in nitrites was associated with endothelium-dependent aortic relaxation mediated via the activation of guanylyl cyclase, while the increase in prostacyclin was associated with both endothelium-dependent and independent relaxation linked to adenylyl cyclase stimulation. Data from the present investigation can be relevant to dental practice employing materials containing TEGDMA by providing insights into the vasorelaxant effect of the monomer following placement of the materials in the oral cavity. Additional studies that are more relevant to the clinical situation are required to confirm these initial results and further explore their implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Artery
  • Biocompatibility
  • Dental materials
  • Endothelium
  • Resin composites
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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