Lanthanide-based luminescent sensing of copper(II) is currently an active area of research given the need for determining trace amounts of the analyte in environmental and biological matrices. Moreover, the increasing interest of Cu-doped materials for a variety of applications (e.g. luminescent and plasmonic) calls for appropriate measures for the assessment of residual Cu2+ in the solid state. In this work, Sm3+ ions are investigated as luminescent probes for Cu2+ within a glass matrix as model system based on Sm3+→Cu2+ energy transfer. The Cu2+ concentration dependence of the Sm3+ emission quenching and decay rates of the 4G5/2 excited state allow for establishing calibration curves useful for determining Cu2+. The luminescence-based approaches are employed for estimating residual Cu2+ in a Cu+/Sm3+ co-doped glass as 'unknown', the results being compared with the spectrophotometric method based on Cu2+ absorption in the visible. Remarkably, the approaches appeared in good agreement. Thus, the present work demonstrates the potential of Sm3+ ions for optical sensing of copper(II), opening research avenues extending from materials to liquid phase systems with relevance to biological and environmental sciences.
- Energy transfer
- Optical properties
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics