Scaling Relations of Starburst-driven Galactic Winds

Ryan Tanner, Gerald Cecil, Fabian Heitsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using synthetic absorption lines generated from 3D hydrodynamical simulations, we explore how the velocity of a starburst-driven galactic wind correlates with the star formation rate (SFR) and SFR density. We find strong correlations for neutral and low ionized gas, but no correlation for highly ionized gas. The correlations for neutral and low ionized gas only hold for SFRs below a critical limit set by the mass loading of the starburst, above which point the scaling relations flatten abruptly. Below this point the scaling relations depend on the temperature regime being probed by the absorption line, not on the mass loading. The exact scaling relation depends on whether the maximum or mean velocity of the absorption line is used. We find that the outflow velocity of neutral gas can be up to five times lower than the average velocity of ionized gas, with the velocity difference increasing for higher ionization states. Furthermore, the velocity difference depends on both the SFR and mass loading of the starburst. Thus, absorption lines of neutral or low ionized gas cannot easily be used as a proxy for the outflow velocity of the hot gas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number137
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume843
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2017

Keywords

  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • galaxies: nuclei
  • galaxies: starburst
  • hydrodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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