Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea cervicitis and implications for pregnancy outcome: Are we testing and treating at the right time?

Meghan G. Hill, Seema Menon, Sarah Smith, Hongmei Zhang, Xin Tong, Paul C. Browne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of gonorrheal and chlamydial cervicitis (GCC) on the risk of preterm labor (PTL) and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM).

STUDY DESIGN: A large cross-sectional sample of patients (N = 1,120) was studied. Data on samples for GCC and pregnancy outcome were entered into a database from a retrospective chart review.

RESULTS: There were 1,120 pregnancies with adequate data for analysis. Of those pregnancies 933 were unaffected by GCC, and 187 were affected. The rates of preterm delivery were 17.79% and 16.58% for GCC-negative and GCC-positive pregnancies, respectively. PPROM occurred in 3.97% and 2.67% of GCC-negative and GCC-positive pregnancies, respectively. PTL occurred in 8.25% and 8.02% of GCC-negative and GCC-positive pregnancies, respectively. No outcomes met statistical significance. When pregnancy outcomes were analyzed by trimester of infection, there was a higher risk of preterm delivery but not preterm labor with earlier infection. This did meet statistical significance. There was a trend towards lower rate of cesarean section in the infected group of patients, which did not meet statistical significance.

CONCLUSION: Maternal infection with gonorrhea and/or chlamydia is not associated with PPROM or PTL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-308
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of reproductive medicine
Volume60
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chlamydia
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Preterm labor
  • Preterm premature rupture of membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

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