Selenomethionine (Se-Met) induces the cystine/glutamate exchanger SLC7A11 in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells: Implications for antioxidant therapy in aging retina

Sudha Ananth, Seiji Miyauchi, Muthusamy Thangaraju, Ravirajsinh N. Jadeja, Manuela Bartoli, Vadivel Ganapathy, Pamela M. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxidative damage has been identified as a major causative factor in degenerative diseases of the retina; retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are at high risk. Hence, identifying novel strategies for increasing the antioxidant capacity of RPE cells, the purpose of this study, is important. Specifically, we evaluated the influence of selenium in the form of selenomethionine (Se-Met) in cultured RPE cells on system xc-expression and functional activity and on cellular levels of glutathione, a major cellular antioxidant. ARPE-19 and mouse RPE cells were cultured with and without selenomethionine (Se-Met), the principal form of selenium in the diet. Promoter activity assay, uptake assay, RT-PCR, northern and western blots, and immunofluorescence were used to analyze the expression of xc-, Nrf2, and its target genes. Se-Met activated Nrf2 and induced the expression and function of xc-in RPE. Other target genes of Nrf2 were also induced. System xc-consists of two subunits, and Se-Met induced the subunit responsible for transport activity (SLC7A11). Selenocysteine also induced xc-but with less potency. The effect of Se-met on xc-was associated with an increase in maximal velocity and an increase in substrate affinity. Se-Met increased the cellular levels of glutathione in the control, an oxidatively stressed RPE. The Se-Met effect was selective; under identical conditions, taurine transport was not affected and Na+-coupled glutamate transport was inhibited. This study demonstrates that Se-Met enhances the antioxidant capacity of RPE by inducing the transporter xc-with a consequent increase in glutathione.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalAntioxidants
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), antioxidants
  • Glutathione
  • Oxidative stress
  • Retina
  • Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)
  • SLC7A11
  • Selenium
  • Selenomethionine (Se-Met)
  • System xc
  • XCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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