Self-Regulation of Breathing as a Primary Treatment for Anxiety

Ravinder Jerath, Molly W. Crawford, Vernon A. Barnes, Kyler Harden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the autonomic nervous system and homeostatic changes associated with emotions remains a major challenge for neuroscientists and a fundamental prerequisite to treat anxiety, stress, and emotional disorders. Based on recent publications, the inter-relationship between respiration and emotions and the influence of respiration on autonomic changes, and subsequent widespread membrane potential changes resulting from changes in homeostasis are discussed. We hypothesize that reversing homeostatic alterations with meditation and breathing techniques rather than targeting neurotransmitters with medication may be a superior method to address the whole body changes that occur in stress, anxiety, and depression. Detrimental effects of stress, negative emotions, and sympathetic dominance of the autonomic nervous system have been shown to be counteracted by different forms of meditation, relaxation, and breathing techniques. We propose that these breathing techniques could be used as first-line and supplemental treatments for stress, anxiety, depression, and some emotional disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Psychophysiology Biofeedback
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2015

Fingerprint

Respiration
Anxiety
Meditation
Emotions
Autonomic Nervous System
Depression
Relaxation Therapy
Therapeutics
Psychological Stress
Membrane Potentials
Neurotransmitter Agents
Homeostasis
Self-Control

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Membrane potential
  • Slow deep breathing
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Self-Regulation of Breathing as a Primary Treatment for Anxiety. / Jerath, Ravinder; Crawford, Molly W.; Barnes, Vernon A.; Harden, Kyler.

In: Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, Vol. 40, No. 2, 18.06.2015, p. 107-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Jerath, Ravinder ; Crawford, Molly W. ; Barnes, Vernon A. ; Harden, Kyler. / Self-Regulation of Breathing as a Primary Treatment for Anxiety. In: Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback. 2015 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 107-115.
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