Antibodies against sulfoglucuronosyl glycosphingolipids (SGGLs) are known to be present in sera of patients with chronic polyneuropathy associated with IgM paraproteinemia. We recently studied rats sensitized with sulfoglucuronosyl paragloboside (SGPG), a major SGGL species, emulsified with keyhold limpet hemocyanin and Freund's adjuvant. The titer of the IgM class antibodies against SGPG increased up to 1:1,600, while that of the IgG class increased up to 1:800 2 weeks after sensitization. The antibodies showed a high degree of antigenic specificity; no cross-reactivity with other brain glycolipids could be detected. They, however, reacted with human myelin- associated glycoprotein (MAG) by Western blot analysis, but not with rat MAG. These animal models showed minor but clear clinical signs of neuropathy, consisting of mild tail muscle tone loss and walking disabilities. Electrophysiological examination of the sciatic nerves revealed nerve conduction abnormalities which consisted of conduction block and mild decrease in conduction velocity. Thus, our results support the concept that anti-SGPG antibodies may play an important pathogenetic role in this type of chronic neuropathy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience Research|
|State||Published - 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience