Sex differences in ET-1 receptor expression and Ca2+ signaling in the IMCD

Chunhua Jin, Joshua S. Speed, Kelly A. Hyndman, Paul M O'Connor, David M. Pollock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) is the nephron segment with the highest production of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the greatest expression of ET-1 receptors that function to adjust Na+ and water balance. We have reported that male rats have reduced natriuresis in response to direct intramedullary infusion of ET-1 compared with female rats. Our aim was to determine whether alterations of ET-1 receptor expression and downstream intracellular Ca2+ signaling within the IMCD could account for these sex differences. IMCDs from male and female rats were isolated for radioligand binding or microdissected for intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) measurement by fluorescence imaging of fura-2 AM. IMCD from male and female rats had similar ETB expression (655 ± 201 vs. 567 ± 39 fmol/mg protein, respectively), whereas male rats had significantly higher ETA expression (436 ± 162 vs. 47 ± 29 fmol/mg protein, respectively; P < 0.05). The [Ca2+]i response to ET-1 was significantly greater in IMCDs from male compared with female rats (288 ± 52 vs. 118 ± 32 AUC, nM × 3 min, respectively; P < 0.05). In IMCDs from male rats, the [Ca2+]i response to ET-1 was significantly blunted by the ETA antagonist BQ-123 but not by the ETB antagonist BQ-788 (control: 137 ± 27; BQ-123: 53 ± 11; BQ-788: 84 ± 25 AUC, nM × 3 min; P < 0.05), consistent with greater ETA receptor function in male rats. These data demonstrate a sex difference in ETA receptor expression that results in differences in ET-1 Ca2+ signaling in IMCD. Since activation of ETA receptors is thought to oppose ETB receptor activation, enhanced ETA function in male rats could limit the natriuretic effects of ETB receptor activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume305
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2013

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Endothelin A Receptors
Sex Characteristics
Endothelin-1
Area Under Curve
Natriuretic Agents
Natriuresis
Fura-2
Optical Imaging
Nephrons
Proteins

Keywords

  • Endothelin
  • Inner medullary collecting duct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this

Sex differences in ET-1 receptor expression and Ca2+ signaling in the IMCD. / Jin, Chunhua; Speed, Joshua S.; Hyndman, Kelly A.; O'Connor, Paul M; Pollock, David M.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, Vol. 305, No. 8, 15.10.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jin, Chunhua ; Speed, Joshua S. ; Hyndman, Kelly A. ; O'Connor, Paul M ; Pollock, David M. / Sex differences in ET-1 receptor expression and Ca2+ signaling in the IMCD. In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 2013 ; Vol. 305, No. 8.
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abstract = "The inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) is the nephron segment with the highest production of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the greatest expression of ET-1 receptors that function to adjust Na+ and water balance. We have reported that male rats have reduced natriuresis in response to direct intramedullary infusion of ET-1 compared with female rats. Our aim was to determine whether alterations of ET-1 receptor expression and downstream intracellular Ca2+ signaling within the IMCD could account for these sex differences. IMCDs from male and female rats were isolated for radioligand binding or microdissected for intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) measurement by fluorescence imaging of fura-2 AM. IMCD from male and female rats had similar ETB expression (655 ± 201 vs. 567 ± 39 fmol/mg protein, respectively), whereas male rats had significantly higher ETA expression (436 ± 162 vs. 47 ± 29 fmol/mg protein, respectively; P < 0.05). The [Ca2+]i response to ET-1 was significantly greater in IMCDs from male compared with female rats (288 ± 52 vs. 118 ± 32 AUC, nM × 3 min, respectively; P < 0.05). In IMCDs from male rats, the [Ca2+]i response to ET-1 was significantly blunted by the ETA antagonist BQ-123 but not by the ETB antagonist BQ-788 (control: 137 ± 27; BQ-123: 53 ± 11; BQ-788: 84 ± 25 AUC, nM × 3 min; P < 0.05), consistent with greater ETA receptor function in male rats. These data demonstrate a sex difference in ETA receptor expression that results in differences in ET-1 Ca2+ signaling in IMCD. Since activation of ETA receptors is thought to oppose ETB receptor activation, enhanced ETA function in male rats could limit the natriuretic effects of ETB receptor activation.",
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