Signal transduction mechanism for the stimulation of the sarcolemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchanger by insulin

Cherry Ballard, Mahmood S Mozaffari, Stephen Schaffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The signal transduction pathway for insulin-mediated activation of sarcolemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchange was examined. Insulin stimulated Na+-Ca2+ exchanger activity in a dose-dependent manner, with the EC50 being about 0.7 U/l. The insulin effect was blocked by the protein kinase inhibitor, staurosporine, indicating possible involvement of a protein kinase in insulin action. Also, the relationship between the insulin effect and activation of a G protein, was examined by testing the effects of 5′ guanylyl imidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH))p) on Na+-Ca2+ exchange in, the presence and absence of insulin. When exchanger activity was assayed at a calcium concentration of 40 μM, insulin alone had no effect whereas ATP and Gpp(NH)p increased exchanger activity. However, insulin responsiveness was restored in vesicles preloaded with either ATP or Gpp(NH)p, suggesting that insulin may act through a combination of G protein coupling and protein phosphorylation to enhance Na+-Ca2+ exchanger activity. We conclude that calcium overload in the diabetic heart may involve a defect in acute activation of the exchanger by insulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-119
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume135
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Signal transduction
Signal Transduction
Insulin
Guanylyl Imidodiphosphate
Ion exchangers
Chemical activation
GTP-Binding Proteins
Adenosine Triphosphate
Calcium
Phosphorylation
Staurosporine
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Protein Kinases
Ion exchange

Keywords

  • cardiomyopathy
  • diabetes
  • G-protein
  • heart
  • insulin
  • Na/Ca exchange
  • phosphorylation
  • protein kinase
  • sarcolemma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Signal transduction mechanism for the stimulation of the sarcolemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchanger by insulin. / Ballard, Cherry; Mozaffari, Mahmood S; Schaffer, Stephen.

In: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 135, No. 1, 01.06.1994, p. 113-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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