We previously reported a predominance of left focal motor seizures in infants receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), raising concerns about possible ischemaia resulting from the right common crotid artery ligation. We therefore evaluated the neurologic and psychologic outcome at 2 years of age of all infants with ECMO-related seizures. Although 8 of 12 infants had left focal seizures in infancy, there was no lateralization of motor findings at 2 years of age; left hemiparesis was present in three of the infants and right hemiparesis in three. The developmental quotient was normal in 6 of 12 infants, low-average in three, borderline in two, and in the mentally handicapped range in one. We conclude that any ischemia resulting from carotid ligation is not great enough to produce long-term lateralizing findings but that seizures during ECMO are a risk factor for later cerebral plasy or developmental delay.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health