Simulation-Based Medical Education in Family Medicine Residencies: A CERA Study

Johnny C. Tenegra, M. Rebecca Hoffman, Georgia S.Mueller Luckey, Lisabeth F. Dilalla, Christy J.W. Ledford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To better understand the current use of simulation and barriers to its use in family medicine resident education, we surveyed US family medicine residency (FMR) program directors (PDs) about opinions and use of simulation-based medical education (SBME) in their pro-grams. A number of specialties have incorporated or required simulation-based educational techniques in residency education over the past 10 years, but little is known about the current use of SBME in family medicine graduate medical education. We also evaluated associations between program characteristics and the use of SBME in FMR education. METHODS: Questions were included on the 2019 Council of Academic Family Medicine Education Research Alliance (CERA) survey of US FMR PDs. The survey included questions regarding current use of SBME along with questions to identify barriers to its use in family medicine programs. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent (n=250) of PDs completed the survey; 84.5% reported using simulation. PDs reporting they did not use simulation were less likely to view simulation as valuable for education or assessment. Unexpect-edly, residency program size was not associated with simulation use or access to a dedicated location for SBME. DISCUSSION: Use of SBME in family medicine resident education has in-creased since 2011. PDs value simulation for education and remediation, and most programs have introduced some degree of simulation despite barriers. The results of this study can inform resources to support the continued integra-tion of SBME into family medicine resident education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-269
Number of pages6
JournalFamily medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice


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