Cisplatin induces both acute and chronic nephrotoxicity during chemotherapy in patients with cancer. Presented here is the first study of single-nucleus RNA sequencing (snRNA-seq) of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. Repeated low-dose cisplatin treatment (RLDC) led to decreases in renal function and kidney weight in mice at 9 weeks. The kidneys of these mice showed tubular degeneration and dilation. snRNA-seq identified 16 cell types and 17 cell clusters in these kidneys. Cluster-by-cluster comparison demonstrated cell type–specific changes in gene expression and identified a unique proximal tubule (PT) injury/repair cluster that co-expressed the injury marker kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim1) and the proliferation marker Ki-67. Compared with control, post-RLDC kidneys had 424 differentially expressed genes in PT cells, including tubular transporters and cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in lipid metabolism. snRNA-seq also revealed transcriptional changes in potential PT injury markers (Krt222, Eda2r, Ltbp2, and Masp1) and repair marker (Bex4). RLDC induced inflammation and proinflammatory cytokines (RelB, TNF-α, Il7, Ccl2, and Cxcl2) and the expression of fibrosis markers (fibronectin, collagen I, connective tissue growth factor, vimentin, and α-smooth muscle actin). Together, these results provide new insights into RLDC-induced transcriptional changes at the single-cell level that may contribute to the development of chronic kidney problems in patients with cancer after cisplatin chemotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine