Sm proteins specify germ cell fate by facilitating oskar mRNA localization

Graydon Bennett Gonsalvez, T. K. Rajendra, Ying Wen, Kavita Praveen, A. Gregory Matera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sm and Sm-like proteins are RNA-binding factors found in all three domains of life. Eukaryotic Sm proteins play essential roles in pre-mRNA splicing, forming the cores of spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). Recently, Sm proteins have been implicated in the specification of germ cells. However, a mechanistic understanding of their involvement in germline specification is lacking and a germline-specific RNA target has not been identified. We demonstrate that Drosophila SmB and SmD3 are specific components of the oskar messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP), proper localization of which is required for establishing germline fate and embryonic patterning. Importantly, oskar mRNA is delocalized in females harboring a hypomorphic mutation in SmD3, and embryos from mutant mothers are defective in germline specification. We conclude that Sm proteins function to establish the germline in Drosophila, at least in part by mediating oskar mRNA localization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2341-2351
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopment
Volume137
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2010

Keywords

  • Arginine methyltransferase
  • Dart5 (Capsuleen; PRMT5)
  • Drosophila
  • RNA localization
  • snRNP biogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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