Smokeless tobacco use in adolescent females: Prevalence and psychosocial factors among racial/ethnic groups

William T. Riley, James T. Barenie, P. Alex Mabe, David R. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


From a stratified, random sampling of Southeastern, nonurban high schools, survey data on smokeless tobacco use and potential psychosocial risk factors were obtained from 5683 adolescent females. Of the 15.3% who reported trying smokeless tobacco, most (75%) reported only experimental use. Factor analysis of the psychosocial items resulted in four factors: perceived negative consequences, substance use, modeling, and active lifestyle. Discriminant analysis on use indicated that modeling influences and use of other substances were the strongest predictors of initial smokeless tobacco use. Level of use, however, was most strongly associated with lower perceived negative consequences for use and the use of other substances. Separate analyses on American Indian, Black, and White subgroups suggested that factors associated with initial use were similar but that substantial differences exist between subgroups on risk factors for level of smokeless tobacco use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-220
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 1990



  • adolescent
  • ethnic
  • females
  • race
  • risk factors
  • smokeless tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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