Social context of human aggression: Are we paying too much attention to gender?

Deborah South Richardson, Georgina S. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


A considerable research literature has examined gender differences in aggressive behavior. This paper argues that such emphasis on gender effects in human aggression is misplaced, and it presents a focused review of research on (a) gender roles versus gender as predictors of aggression, (b) gender differences in direct and indirect aggression, (c) aggression in the context of interpersonal relationships, and (d) gender effects in psychological aggression. The authors conclude with the suggestion that gender has relatively weak effects on aggressive behavior and propose that the role of gender in aggression can be better understood by examining the context in which aggressive action takes place.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-426
Number of pages10
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2007


  • Gender
  • Human aggression
  • Social context

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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