SOD1 overexpression prevents acute hyperglycemia-induced cerebral myogenic dysfunction: Relevance to contralateral hemisphere and stroke outcomes

Maha Coucha, Weiguo Li, Sherif Hafez, Mohammed Abdelsaid, Maribeth H. Johnson, Susan C. Fagan, Adviye Ergul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Admission hyperglycemia (HG) amplifies vascular injury and neurological deficits in acute ischemic stroke, but the mechanisms remain controversial. We recently reported that ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury impairs the myogenic response in both hemispheres via increased nitration. However, whether HG amplifies contralateral myogenic dysfunction and whether loss of tone in the contralateral hemisphere contributes to stroke outcomes remain to be determined. Our hypothesis was that contralateral myogenic dysfunction worsens stroke outcomes after acute hyperglycemic stroke in an oxidative stress-dependent manner. Male wild-type or SOD1 transgenic rats were injected with saline or 40% glucose solution 10 min before surgery and then subjected to 30 min of ischemia/45 min or 24 h of reperfusion. In another set of animals (n = 5), SOD1 was overexpressed only in the contralateral hemisphere by stereotaxic adenovirus injection 2–3 wk before I/R. Myogenic tone and neurovascular outcomes were determined. HG exacerbated myogenic dysfunction in contralateral side only, which was associated with infarct size expansion, increased edema, and more pronounced neurological deficit. Global and selective SOD1 overexpression restored myogenic reactivity in ipsilateral and contralateral sides, respectively, and enhanced neurovascular outcomes. In conclusion, our results show that SOD1 overexpression nullified the detrimental effects of HG on myogenic tone and stroke outcomes and that the contralateral hemisphere may be a novel target for the management of acute hyperglycemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H456-H466
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume308
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Admission hyperglycemia
  • Contralateral hemisphere
  • Ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • Myogenic tone
  • Stroke outcomes
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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